The Village Academy

The Village Academy is a group of town, city and village schools that have joined together to provide the very best education for the children in our care and where we believe that education is very much a matter of the individual.

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'The overarching aim for English in the National Curriculum is to promote high standards of language and literacy by equipping pupils with a strong command of the spoken and written word, and to develop their love of literature through widespread reading for enjoyment. 

he National Curriculum, July 2014

The National Curriculum for English aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • Read easily, fluently and with good understanding.
  • Develop the habit of reading widely and often, for both pleasure and information.
  • Acquire a wide vocabulary, an understanding of grammar and knowledge of linguistic conventions for reading, writing and spoken language.
  • Appreciate our rich and varied literary heritage.
  • Write clearly, accurately and coherently, adapting their language and style in and for a range of contexts, purposes and audiences.
  • Use discussion in order to learn; they should be able to elaborate and explain clearly their understanding and ideas.
  • Are competent in the arts of speaking and listening, making formal presentations, demonstrating to others and participating in debate.

Speaking and Listening 

 The spoken word is a child’s first opportunity to share their capability with others. At Lynsted and Norton Primary School, we aim to model and develop ambitious and interesting vocabulary on which children can base their communication. We have high standards for listening, which we take time to develop in ensuring children get as much as they can from any situation.  Speaking and Listening is core to our curriculum and embeds all learning through discussion; talk partners play an integral role in learning within our school. Part of learning and growing through the curriculum is the acquisition of life skills.  We encourage interaction, team work, problem solving, independence, creativity, resilience, perseverance, respect, using initiative, questioning and challenge.  The world is an ever evolving place and we want our children to be equipped for the future.



Pupils should be taught to read fluently, understand extended prose (both fiction and non-fiction) and be encouraged to read for pleasure. 

The National Curriculum, July 2014

Reading is at the heart of our society; children who have developed a positive approach to reading will be able to navigate our textually rich world. Here at Lynsted and Norton Primary School, reading is a highly valued aspect of the curriculum. Reading provides the opportunity for children to develop their imaginations; give opinions in class discussions; take ideas to use in their writing; and ultimately interpret and become engaged in the world around us.

During the school day, children regularly encounter a variety of texts in a range of settings: early morning work; English lessons; Guided Reading; assemblies; library browsing time; the classroom book corner; or through listening to a story as a class. Children at Lynsted and Norton Primary School enjoy having literature read to them, starting with picture books and stories in Reception, through to reading a class novel in KS2. While children across the school follow our structured staged reading scheme, they also have access to well-stocked book corners in each classroom and a KS1 and KS2 library, where they can borrow books to enjoy at home.  Our aim is to promote a love of reading, and our regular whole school events, such as dress-up days, book clubs and book fairs, serve to support this goal. 

In the Curriculum Overview documents (links below) you will see a basic outline of the knowledge, understanding and skills to be covered. How teachers organise, interpret and teach this may vary and is subject to change.

Reading statements_Year_1

Reading statements_Year_2.

Reading statements_Year_3

Reading statements_Year_4

Reading statements_Year_5

Reading statements_Year_6

Helpful links:

First News Live. An online version of the children's newspaper:

Lots of fun (and really useful) English games for 4-14 year olds:

BBC games and activities:

100 Greatest Children's books 2015:

Reading at home... 

We believe that children become confident and fluent readers when both school and home support them. We encourage parents to hear their children read a little every evening and record comments in a reading record. In the Early Years and KS1 children will take home a scheme book (graded to their stage of development) to practise their reading skills at home.  They also take home a picture book for parents to read to them to ensure they have every opportunity to develop their language skills and enjoy a shared reading experience.  By reading regularly at home children are much more likely to become life-long readers. In KS2 reading at home remains part of children's home learning tasks.  Even when children become fluent independent readers we will still encourage reading together and discussing the book to secure good comprehension skills.

To support parents to help their child’s reading development, we have produced a list of questions that you can ask your child before and during reading sessions. These questions will focus their attention on punctuation and the words used in their books. This technique works well when a few questions from each section are asked during reading sessions – we are not expecting you to cover the whole list each night.

Before you start to read, focus your child’s attention on the page. Children need to become familiar with the material before they read.

Discuss the picture in the book (or on the front cover):

  • What’s happening?
  • What’s the time of day?
  • What will happen next?
  • How do the characters feel?
  • How does it make you feel?
  • How many children/characters do you see?

Now, read a page or two and to help your child understand how language is written, ask a few questions from the list below. 

Ask the children to quickly find:

  • A specific word
  • A full stop
  • A question mark
  • An exclamation mark
  • Some speech marks

To help your child understand the meaning of what they have read, ask a few questions from the list below.

Ask your child to quickly point to a word that:

  • Begins with the sound of ____
  • Ends with the sound of_____
  • Means ______
  • Means the opposite of ______
  • Is the name of a girl/ boy/ animal/ place
  • Is a colour word
  • Tells us what time of day it is


At Lynsted and Norton Primary School, we aim to develop confident, fluent and passionate readers and writers from an early stage. We use Synthetic Phonics as the initial method for teaching children to learn to read words. This is a process that first teaches the letter sounds, building up to blending these sounds together to achieve full pronunciation of whole words.  Our phonics teaching also includes the modelling of how to segment sounds in a word. This allows children to hear the sounds that they need to write when spelling a word. Phonics is taught in a systematic way across the school using the Letters and Sounds programme. Children access daily explicit phonics sessions from Year R to Year 2, with further support being provided in KS2 if necessary.  Phonics is taught in a multisensory way, providing children with fun, interactive opportunities to learn through using physical resources, visual cues, singing, dancing, games, ICT, articulating sounds and making choices.

We use the Letters and Sounds Programme to teach children the letters of the alphabet and their matching sounds for both reading and spelling.  Daily lessons are planned using a range of teaching resources including games and interactive online activities.  We also use some actions from the Jolly Phonics resource to help children remember the letter sounds.

The children are taught the 44 phonemes in our alphabetic code progressively from the start of the Reception Year and most children will have completed the programme by the end of Year 2.  Children are taught how to read words by blending, which means combining the sounds together to make a word.  They learn how to spell words by segmenting, which involves sounding out a word and matching the sounds to their letters.

By the end of the Reception Year children are expected to be secure in their knowledge of Phase 3 sounds.

By the end of Year 1 children are expected to know all the Phase 4 and 5 sounds and be applying their phonic knowledge in their writing.

By the end of Year 2 they should be confident to read and spell words from Phase 5 and Phase 6 and will be moving on to more complex knowledge of spelling rules and patterns.

As children move through Key Stage 2 they will continue to learn a wider range of spelling rules and letter patterns to ensure they become fluent confident spellers.

Helpful links:

Pure sounds for Phonics Teaching (You Tube):

Phonic Presentation for Parents:



 Pupils should develop the stamina and skills to write at length, with accurate spelling and punctuation. 

National Curriculum, July 2014

At Lynsted and Norton Primary School, we use a text-based approach to teaching writing through the scheme ‘Power Of Reading’. A scheme using quality, language-rich books to hook the children, which not only embeds reading in our English curriculum, but it inspires their writing. 

How children ‘read’ the world around us is constantly changing; therefore, we also include film and other mixed-med texts as a basis for writing. In addition, links are also made with other curriculum areas, such as History and Geography. Each chosen text acts as an ‘umbrella’ for our creative curriculum under which the children are taught to write a range of fiction and non-fiction genres.

Each unit of writing develops progressively with children developing their speaking and listening skills, vocabulary, sentence structure, punctuation, grammar, organisational skills and sense of audience. Within this, there is an emphasis on drafting, editing and redrafting.  The children use a range of tools to aid this process and to encourage independence in their learning; these tools also ensure that children transfer their English skills to all lessons across the creative curriculum. We have high expectations for handwriting and presentation across the school.  We teach the children to use a cursive script, with most children using a handwriting pen in KS2.

In the Curriculum Overview documents (links below) you will see a basic outline of the knowledge, understanding and skills to be covered. How teachers organise, interpret and teach this may vary and is subject to change.

Writing Statements_Year 1

Writing Statements_Year_2

Writing Statements_Year_3

Writing Statements_Year_4

Writing Statements_Year_5

Writing Statements_Year_6

Helpful links:

Lots of fun (and really useful) English games for 4-14 year olds:

BBC games and activities:

Grammar and Punctuation 

Throughout the programmes of study, teachers should teach pupils the vocabulary they need to discuss their reading, writing and spoken language. It is important that pupils learn the correct grammatical terms in English and that these terms are integrated within teaching.National Curriculum, July 2014

The explicit teaching of, Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling (GPS) is essential to the development of children’s speech and writing. Through Lynsted and Norton Primary School’s progressive teaching, children from Year 1 to Year 6 learn key grammar and punctuation concepts in the context of writing sentences. Having a firm understanding of these allow children to be confident in building and manipulating interesting and varied sentences. Furthermore, they can then discuss and analyse their own language and grammar choices, as well as those of others, using the appropriate terminology. While this knowledge prepares the children for the end of KS1 and KS2 SATs tests, it also helps them to write with improved accuracy and confidence.

Helpful links:

GPS games:



In KS1, Year 1 continue to follow the Letters and Sounds phonic programme while Year 2 children initially follow this scheme, and then progress to learning simple spelling rules and patterns from the National Curriculum.  In KS2, Spelling is taught daily through short interactive games and investigations of spelling rules and patterns. For homework, our whole school progressive Spelling scheme, which covers words from Letters and Sounds and the National Curriculum, ensures that children are learning spellings that are suited to their ability. Year 1 are introduced to this scheme at Christmas, once they are secure in their transition from Reception to Year 1.

Helpful links:

GPS games:

 Sight word games: